The Basics of Roofing

Roofing is a term used to describe the top cover of a building. The entire roof system, from construction to material, protects the building from the elements and provides a strong barrier against weather damage. Roofing is an integral part of a building’s envelope and can be a complex, intricate process. To learn more about Roofing Company Killeen TX read on! Here are some basics of roofing. Once you understand the importance of roofing, you will be able to better assess the need for it.


Roofing materials are used in a variety of construction processes. Roofs can be flat, pitched, vaulted, domed, or a combination of these materials. While a roof can be flat, pitched, or vaulted, the shape and style can depend on aesthetic and technical requirements. So, before you decide on the best roofing material for your project, learn about different types of roof materials and their benefits. You may also be surprised to learn that metal roofs are among the most expensive types of roofing materials.

Vaults are arch-like structures. They are made of stones that span over a distance. A barrel or cylindrical vault is the most common form. Vaults are most commonly used in Gothic architecture but are not as strong as stone lintels. Another option is the dome, a hemispherical structure that has many ribs. These structures dominated major architectural works for about 2,000 years before being replaced by iron beams during the Industrial Revolution. Even bark has been used as a roofing material.

A sloped roof is important when it comes to drainage. This is measured in inches per 12 inches of horizontal distance. The slope is a factor in choosing the type of roof for your building or home. A five-inch-inch slope, for example, is more effective for a roof than a three-inch-sloped roof. Another common measure of a roof’s slope is the gable wall. This triangular portion of the building extends from the eaves to the roof peak.

Another important element of a roof is the type of shingles used. Roofing shingles are flat or curved tiles that interlock and channel water off the roof. Roofing shingles are made of a variety of materials, including wood, slate, flagstone, and metal. They are durable, low-cost, and available locally. Although shingle roofs are a good choice for steep roofs, they are best used where other options aren’t suitable. Most shingle roofs are made from asphalt roofing sheets. These roofing sheets come in many colors and are durable, lasting up to twenty years or more.

Flat and sloped roofs have distinct advantages and disadvantages. For instance, lower-sloped roofs are ideal for homes in arid regions. However, pitched roofs offer better wind resistance and stability and enable quick run-off of water. These roofs can be made of metal sheets or shingles, depending on their weight and size. But there are also some risks. For these reasons, homeowners should make sure to consult a professional before making any major decisions about the roof of their home.

A wood roof can be beautiful but also costly. Wood is also an attractive option but has its limitations, including its low lifespan and wildfire risk. It is not an economical choice, but it is aesthetically pleasing and often the material of choice for luxurious homes. Redwood and cedar are common woods for roofs, which can be split into thick wedges with a rough texture. Roofing contractors can also give you a pre-qualification for your home equity in a matter of minutes.

Another common choice for a flat roof is asphalt roll-roofing. The most common type of asphalt roll-roofing uses three-foot-wide rolls of asphalt and protective granules on top. Then the roof material, which looks like a rubber inner tube, is held down with mechanical fasteners, glue, or rock garden ballast. This roof system can be used in a variety of climates, from the desert to temperate zones.

Another popular material for roofing is metal. Roofing materials made from metal can be fabricated into vertical panels or shingles that look like slate or tile. Depending on the type, metal can last anywhere from 60 to 80 years and is extremely durable. Metal can be very noisy during a rainstorm and corrodes differently depending on the metal used. A metal roof can cost anywhere from $6 to $14 per square foot. It is also light and is resistant to high winds.

Slate and clay tiles are two of the most popular choices for shingle materials. Clay tiles look great on a Spanish-style adobe house, while ceramic tiles can be used on a traditional roof. Both types of materials require a strong roof, but they are expensive. Roofing contractors can recommend the right materials to fit your budget and style. There is a wide choice, so it pays to be informed. But be sure to choose a reliable contractor.